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Filing a Notice of Claim in New Jersey: You Need To Know

Filing a Notice of Claim in New Jersey is a crucial step when you want to take legal action against a public entity or employee.

This article is designed to guide you through this process in simple, easy-to-understand language.

We’ll cover everything from the basics of filing a notice to specific requirements and how to work with an attorney.

Filing a Notice of Claim in New Jersey

How to File a Notice of Claim Form in New Jersey

Filing a Notice of Claim in New Jersey is an important step if you’ve been harmed or suffered damages due to the actions of a state or local government entity or employee. Here’s a straightforward guide on how to do it:

  1. Identify the Responsible Entity: First, figure out who is responsible. For example, if you tripped on a poorly maintained sidewalk on Broad Street in Newark, the City of Newark might be the entity to file against.
  2. Gather Information: Collect all necessary details about the incident. For instance, if an accident happened at a construction site on Ocean Avenue in Jersey City, note the date, time, and specific location.
  3. Fill Out the Claim Form: Obtain the Notice of Claim form from the government entity’s office or website. Fill in your details, information about the incident, and the losses or injuries you suffered. Be as clear and detailed as possible.
  4. Provide Evidence: Attach any evidence you have, like photos of the incident site or medical reports, if applicable. This helps strengthen your claim.
  5. Follow-up: After submitting, follow up to ensure your claim is being processed.

Which Important Requirements for Filing a Notice of Claim in NJ?

When you need to file a Notice of Claim in New Jersey, there are some important requirements you must meet. This process is vital if you’re seeking to hold a public entity or employee accountable for harm or damages. Let’s break down these requirements in simple terms:

  1. Timely Filing: In New Jersey law, “N.J. Stat. § 59:8-8,” is a specific rule that says you must file a legal claim within 90 days of an incident. For instance, if an incident happened on January 1st at Liberty State Park, you need to file the notice by early April.
  2. Accurate Identification of Entity: It’s important to correctly identify the public entity or employee responsible. If a mishap occurred on a New Brunswick public school property, you need to file against the specific school district.
  3. Detailed Incident Description: Your claim must include a clear description of the incident and where it happened. A case example, such as “Bligen v. Jersey City Housing Authority, 131 N.J. 124 (1993)”, demonstrates the importance of detailed incident description in claims.
  4. Injury and Damage Information: Outline all injuries and damages sustained. If a pothole on Route 18 in East Brunswick caused damage to your vehicle, list the specific damages and any injuries.
  5. Proof of Claim: Supporting your claim with evidence strengthens it. This could be photos, witness statements, or medical records.
  6. Proper Submission: Submit the claim to the right office or department. Each entity in New Jersey has a specific process for handling these claims.
  7. Getting Help from an Experienced Attorney in NJ: Seeking assistance from an experienced attorney, such as those at Rosengard Law Group, can be crucial if you’re dealing with legal issues like filing a lawsuit or a Tort Claim in New Jersey. They can guide you through the process, ensuring all requirements are met and you’re effectively represented.

How can I Sue the State of New Jersey?

Suing the State of New Jersey can seem daunting, but understanding the process makes it more approachable. Whether it’s a case about a mishap on a state road like Route 9 or an issue at a state-run facility in Newark, here’s what you need to know:

  1. Identify the Legal Basis: First, determine why you’re suing. Is it for an injury on state property, like a fall at a New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission office? Or is it for something else? Knowing the reason is key.
  2. File a Tort Claim Notice: Before suing, you must file a Tort Claim Notice. This is a legal document that tells the state you plan to sue.
  3. Meet Specific Requirements: Your notice must include details like where and when the incident happened, and what injuries or damages you suffered. For example, if you had a car accident caused by poorly maintained state roads in Trenton, include these specifics.
  4. Wait for a Response: After filing, the state has 90 days to respond. During this time, they might offer a settlement or decide to go to court.
  5. Proceed with a Lawsuit: If the state doesn’t settle, you can file a lawsuit. This is where you formally bring your case to court.
  6. Seek Legal Advice: It’s wise to get help from a professional lawyer, especially since suing the state involves complex legal rules.

What is a Tort Claim in New Jersey?

In New Jersey, a “Tort Claim” is a way for people to ask for money when they are hurt or their property is damaged because of something a government or its employees did or didn’t do. Let’s simplify this:

What Counts as a Tort Claim?

If you slip on an icy sidewalk in front of a public library in Hoboken, or if your car is damaged by a pothole on the Garden State Parkway, these can be grounds for a tort claim. It’s about holding the government responsible for harm or damage.

Who Can You Sue?

You can file a tort claim against local governments like the city of Newark, or state agencies in New Jersey.

What Do You Need to Do?

Before you can sue, you have to tell the government about your claim. This is done by filing a Notice of Claim. You must do this within the time frame of the incident.

What Should the Notice Include?

Your notice needs to have details like where, when, and how the incident happened, and what kind of injury or damage occurred. For example, if a poorly lit street in Jersey City led to a trip and fall, you would include those details.

What Happens Next?

After you submit the notice, the government has a chance to respond. Sometimes they might agree to pay, or they might not. The New Jersey Tort Claims Act, under “N.J. Stat. § 59:1-1 et seq.,” is a set of rules about how you can legally sue the government in New Jersey.

See also: Understanding Tort Law and the Tort Threshold in NJ

Tort Claims Act Notice Requirements in New Jersey

In New Jersey, if you want to sue the government for something like an injury or damage, you need to follow the Tort Claims Act Notice requirements. This is a set of rules about how and when you can tell the government you’re planning to sue them. Let’s look at these requirements in simple terms:

Detailed Information Required

Your notice must include specific details:

  1. Your Information: Like your name and address.
  2. Accident Details: Where, when, and how the incident happened. Say you slipped at a New Jersey Transit station; include that exact location and what happened.
  3. Injury or Damage Description: Explain what injuries you got or what property got damaged.
  4. Government Entity Responsible: Identify the specific government entity or employee involved. If a pothole on a state-maintained road like Route 1 caused your car damage, mention the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Format of the Notice

Some places might have a specific form to fill out, or you might just write a letter. Check with the specific government office for their requirements.

Where to Send the Notice

Send it to the right office. If your issue is with a city like Newark, you’ll send it to the city’s legal department.

According to the 2023 Torts Litigation Report by Lex Machina, a division of LexisNexis, there were 14,375 tort lawsuits filed in federal courts in 2022. This figure represents one of the lowest levels in a decade, down from 15,799 cases in 2021.

Getting Help from an Experienced Attorney in New Jersey

Getting help from an experienced attorney in New Jersey can be a smart move, especially if you’re dealing with legal issues like filing a lawsuit or a Tort Claim. Let’s break down why it’s important and how to find the right lawyer:

Why You Need a Lawyer

Legal stuff can be complicated. An attorney knows the rules, like filing deadlines and what evidence you need. They can guide you through the process, making sure you do everything right.

The court case ‘Fuchilla v. Layman, 109 N.J. 319, 537 A.2d 652 (1988)’ is an example used to understand how lawyers can help you with tort claims in New Jersey. This case shows how legal rules are applied in such claims. It’s a real-life example of a lawsuit involving government-related issues.

Finding the Right Lawyer

  1. Look for Specialization: Find a lawyer who specializes in your type of case. If you had a car accident on the New Jersey Turnpike, look for an attorney experienced in traffic accidents.
  2. Check Their Experience: An experienced lawyer will know the local laws and courts. For example, if you’re dealing with a workplace issue in a city like Edison, find someone familiar with employment laws in New Jersey.
  3. Read Reviews and Testimonials: What do other clients say about them? Good reviews can be a sign of a trustworthy lawyer.
  4. Schedule a Consultation: Many lawyers offer a free first meeting. Use this time to ask questions and see if you feel comfortable with them.

Understanding Legal Fees

No Win, No Fee: Some lawyers only get paid if you win your case. This can be helpful if you’re worried about costs.

Hourly Rates: Others charge by the hour. Ask about their rates and get an estimate of the total cost.


How to Cover a Tort Claim in New Jersey?

To cover a Tort Claim in New Jersey, you must file a Notice of Claim within the time limit of the incident, detailing the nature of your claim, and then follow the legal process, potentially with the assistance of a lawyer.

Drawbacks of Delay in Filing a Notice Claim in New Jersey.

Late filing can lead to automatic claim rejection. Missing the deadline can leave you without legal options for compensation.


Filing a Notice of Claim in New Jersey is a critical step in seeking justice against a public entity or employee.

It’s important to understand the process, meet all requirements, and seek professional legal help when needed. With this guide, you’re now better equipped to navigate these legal waters.

This article is designed to provide general information and should not be taken as legal advice. For specific legal guidance, consulting with a qualified attorney is recommended.

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