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What are Economic Damages in a Personal Injury Claim

When you’re injured due to someone else’s actions, understanding the concept of economic damages in a personal injury claim is crucial.

Economic damages are specific, measurable costs resulting from your injury. These can include medical bills, lost wages, and more.

This comprehensive guide will explain the essentials of economic damages, particularly focusing on personal injury cases in New Jersey.

What are Economic Damages in a Personal Injury Claim

Economic Damages: What Should You Know

When we talk about economic damages in personal injury cases, we’re referring to the money lost because of an injury.

Here’s what you should know about economic damages:

  • Medical Bills: Money spent on treating your injuries, like hospital stays or doctor visits.
  • Lost Wages: Income you couldn’t earn because your injury kept you from working.
  • Property Damage: Costs to fix or replace things that got damaged because of the accident.
  • Evidence Needed: Keep all bills, receipts, and records. For lost wages, get a statement from your workplace.

See also: Jersey City Personal Injury Lawyer

How Are Economic Damages Calculated in Personal Injury Cases in New Jersey

Calculating economic damages in personal injury cases in New Jersey involves a clear process to determine the financial losses you’ve suffered due to an injury.

Here’s a straightforward breakdown:

  • Totaling Medical Bills: Add up all the medical costs from your treatment. This includes expenses from the time of the injury and any future medical expenses.
  • Calculating Lost Wages: Calculate the amount of income you lost due to lost wages. This includes the days you missed work and, if applicable, future income loss if you can’t return to work or have to take a lower-paying job.
  • Adding Property Damage Costs: If your car was damaged in an accident on a busy road like Route 1 in New Jersey, include the repair or replacement costs.
  • Expert Testimony: Sometimes, experts like economists or medical professionals are brought in to give a more accurate estimate of future expenses or lost earnings.

Types of Evidence Needed to Claim Economic Damages in NJ

When you’re claiming economic damages in a personal injury case in New Jersey, it’s important to have the right evidence.

Medical Bills

Keep all the bills from your doctor visits, hospital stays, treatments, and any other medical care. If you had to buy medicine because of your injury, save those receipts too.

Sometimes, your doctor might say you’ll need more treatment in the future. Get a written statement or report from your doctor about this.

Lost Wages

Pay stubs show how much money you usually make. A letter from your employer should say how many days of work you missed because of your injury. If you missed a job interview or a chance for a promotion, get evidence of this.

Property Damage

If something of yours was damaged, like your car in an accident on the New Jersey Turnpike, keep the repair bills. If you had to replace something, keep those receipts too.

Statute of Limitations about Economic Damages in New Jersey

In New Jersey, there’s a time limit for when you can ask for money (economic damages) after being hurt in an accident. This time limit is known as the “statute of limitations”. Here’s what you need to know:

  • Time Limit: You have two years from the day you got hurt to file a lawsuit. This law is found in NJ Statute 2A:14-2.
  • Why It Matters: If you wait too long, more than two years, you can’t ask for money for your injuries anymore.
  • Includes All Economic Damages: This time limit covers all the money you lost because of your injury, like medical bills, lost wages, or fixing your car. For example, if you had an accident on the Garden State Parkway and got hurt, you need to act within two years.

Insurance Companies Statements about Economic Damages in NJ

Insurance companies in New Jersey often scrutinize claims for economic damages.

Ask for Proof: They will ask for solid evidence of your losses. This means you need to show them things like medical bills, pay stubs if you missed work, and receipts for any other expenses because of your injury.

Review Your Claim Carefully: They’ll look closely at all the details you provide. For example, if you had a car accident on Route 18 in New Brunswick and claimed damages for car repairs, they’ll check the repair costs closely.

Might Offer a Settlement: Sometimes, they’ll offer you a certain amount of money to settle the claim. It’s important to make sure this covers all your costs.

Can Dispute Claims: If they think some costs are too high or not related to the injury, they might not agree to pay them.

Economic Damages Expert Witness in New Jersey

Sometimes, an expert witness is used in New Jersey courts to:

  • Understanding Your Losses: They look at how the injury affected your ability to earn money. For example, if you can’t work at your job in Jersey City because of your injury, they calculate how much income you’re going to miss.
  • Calculating Future Costs: They also figure out future expenses, like ongoing medical treatments or if you need special equipment for your injury.
  • Explaining to the Court: These experts can make complex financial stuff easy to understand for judges and juries. They use their knowledge to explain why you need a certain amount of money.
  • Backing Up Your Claim: Their testimony can make your claim stronger. It’s like having a professional say, “Yes, they do need this money because of their injury.”

Legal guidance is crucial in navigating personal injury claims. An experienced lawyer can help in various ways, and seek expert legal help with Rosengard Law Group for your personal injury case. They can:

  • They Know the Law: Lawyers understand New Jersey laws about injuries and accidents. They can explain things in simple words and tell you about important rules, like the two-year deadline to file a claim (NJ Statute 2A:14-2).
  • Help with Paperwork: There’s a lot of paperwork in these cases. Lawyers can handle all of that for you, making sure everything is filled out right and on time.
  • Figuring Out How Much Money You Need: They can help calculate all the money you should get for things like medical bills, lost wages if you can’t work, and any other costs because of your injury.
  • Talking to Insurance Adjuster: Lawyers are good at talking with insurance adjusters. They can make sure you’re treated fairly and get the money you’re supposed to.
  • Representing You in Court: If your case goes to court, your lawyer will be there to speak for you and work to get you the best result.


What is Economic Damage in Pest Control in NJ?

In the context of pest control in New Jersey, economic damage refers to the monetary losses caused by pests, like the cost of extermination or property damage.

How Can I Prove Economic Damage in New Jersey Court Without Evidence?

Proving economic damage without direct evidence is challenging. However, testimony, expert witnesses, and circumstantial evidence can sometimes be used.


Economic damages play a vital role in personal injury claims in New Jersey. Understanding what they include, how they’re calculated, and the necessary evidence is key to ensuring you’re fairly compensated for your losses.

Remember, the statute of limitations and the stance of insurance companies are crucial factors.

Seeking legal guidance can greatly assist in navigating the complexities of these claims, ensuring that your rights are protected and you receive the compensation you deserve for your economic losses.

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