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10 Most Common Types of Brain Injuries After Car Accidents

In the hustle and bustle of daily life, car accidents can happen in the blink of an eye. Unfortunately, these incidents often result in various injuries, and among the most severe are brain injuries. 

In this article, we’ll look into the ten most common types of brain injuries that can occur after a car accident, shedding light on their symptoms and consequences. 

Most Common Types of Brain Injuries After Car Accidents

1. Concussion

A concussion is a prevalent brain injury resulting from a sudden blow or jolt to the head. Although generally considered mild, it can have significant consequences. Symptoms include a headache, confusion, nausea, fatigue, and temporary loss of consciousness.

2. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) are more severe and encompass a range of injuries affecting the brain. These injuries can lead to long-term complications, manifesting as memory loss, impaired cognitive function, personality changes, sensory issues, and difficulty concentrating.

3. Brain Contusion

A brain contusion occurs when the brain’s surface experiences bruising due to a direct impact on the head. Symptoms of a brain contusion include swelling, headaches, cognitive impairment, loss of coordination, and nausea.

4. Skull Fractures

Skull fractures are a direct outcome of a powerful impact during a car accident. Symptoms include visible deformity or swelling, bleeding from the ears or nose, intense pain at the injury site, and bruising around the eyes or behind the ears.

5. Acquired Brain Injury

Acquired brain injuries result from non-traumatic incidents, such as oxygen deprivation or exposure to toxins. Symptoms may include cognitive impairments, mood swings, impaired motor skills, memory loss, and fatigue.

6. Hematomas

Hematomas are blood clots that can form outside or inside the brain, necessitating immediate medical attention. Symptoms encompass a severe headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting, and unequal pupil size.

7. Edema

Edema refers to the swelling of the brain, potentially leading to increased pressure inside the skull. Symptoms may include headaches, nausea, drowsiness, vision problems, and seizures.

8. Coup-Contrecoup Injury

This injury occurs when the brain is injured on both sides due to a forceful impact. Symptoms include loss of consciousness, confusion, headaches, memory problems, and dizziness.

9. Diffuse Axonal Injuries (DAIs)

Diffuse Axonal Injuries (DAIs) involve widespread damage to the brain’s nerve fibers, often occurring in high-speed accidents. Symptoms encompass coma, cognitive impairment, paralysis, impaired motor skills, and difficulty speaking.

10. Penetrating Injury

A penetrating injury occurs when an object pierces the skull, directly damaging the brain. Symptoms include a visible wound at the injury site, bleeding, severe pain, loss of consciousness, and neurological deficits.

Why Seek Compensation for a Brain Injury?

Experiencing a brain injury after a car accident can be life-altering, impacting not only the victim but also their loved ones. Seeking compensation is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Medical Expenses: Covering the costs of hospitalization, surgeries, medications, and rehabilitation.
  2. Lost Wages: Compensating for income lost during recovery or due to long-term disability.
  3. Long-Term Care: Providing resources for ongoing medical and personal care needs.
  4. Pain and Suffering: Addressing the emotional and physical toll the injury takes on the victim’s life.

See also: How is Pain and Suffering Calculated in NJ?

Schedule a Free Consultation with a NJ Brain Injury Attorney

In the after-effects of a car accident resulting in a brain injury, it’s crucial to seek legal guidance to process the complexities of the situation.

If you find yourself in such a predicament, consider scheduling a free consultation with a reputable New Jersey brain injury attorney.

Legal professionals, such as the experienced team at Rosengard Law Group, can provide personalized guidance tailored to your specific case. 

During this consultation, you can discuss the details of your situation, explore your rights, and gain insights into the legal avenues available for seeking compensation.

Their expertise can be invaluable in ensuring that your rights are protected and that you receive the compensation you deserve for your pain, suffering, and medical expenses.


What are the symptoms of brain injuries?

Common symptoms include headaches, confusion, nausea, memory loss, impaired cognitive function, personality changes, and difficulty concentrating.

How can I protect myself from brain injuries while driving?

Always wear a seatbelt. Ensure proper installation and use of car seats for children. Avoid distractions such as texting while driving.

What should I do if I or someone I know has a brain injury?

Seek immediate medical attention. Document the accident scene. Keep track of medical records and expenses.


Car accidents can leave a lasting impact, especially when it comes to brain injuries. Understanding the various types and their symptoms is crucial for prompt medical attention and seeking rightful compensation. 

If you or someone you know has experienced a brain injury due to a car accident, don’t hesitate to reach out to legal professionals who can guide you through the complexities of the legal process, ensuring your rights are upheld and your recovery is supported.

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